Ubuntu is a free GNU/Linux distribution developed and sponsored by a private British company, Canonical. It is currently supported by a large number of enthusiasts from the Internet community who are working to optimize and improve the system.
The system itself is good in many ways. It has the simplest and most user-friendly interface based on GNOME, is well optimized for all current server hardware configurations, and supports many languages out of the box, making it a convenient solution for different national groups around the world. The following article will tell you how to choose the best version of Ubuntu or a derived distribution.
Before Ubuntu 13.04 came out, everyone used 32-bit versions exclusively, and such a question did not arise. However, many years have passed since then and now 64-bit processors are used almost everywhere, while 32-bit ones have been almost completely withdrawn from use.
Absolutely all modern processors are 64-bit so you probably need a 64-bit version of Ubuntu too, because otherwise, you won't be able to fully use the hardware power of your server, computer, or laptop.
Note that 64-bit processors allow you to run both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of software. It makes sense to install 32-bit Ubuntu only if you have a cheap VPS with less than 2 GB of RAM. In this case, the 32-bit OS will save a small number of system resources to allocate to more important tasks.
First, let's look at the official, i.e. clean, community-developed versions of Ubuntu GNOME:
We have only listed the LTS versions, i.e. those for which support is foreseen for a long period of time. In general, 35 releases have been released to date, and the 36th is on its way. We're not going to look at the changes in each release, but only say that Ubuntu has gotten better from version to version, both in terms of security and growing functionality.
Let's take a look at the most popular ones:
In fact, there are many other unofficial distributions, which cannot be described in one article.
Which distribution is right for you
We will try to briefly demonstrate in the form of a table which Ubuntu distributions are suitable for one purpose or another:
We hope our material will help you understand what the main types of Ubuntu are and which OS variant is right for you. If you still have questions, you can ask our experts via Livechat. Take care!