The choice of operating system for the virtual server determines how stable it will work, what tools the administrator will have, whether you have to pay to use the OS, etc. In the left corner - free Linux, represented by dozens of different distributions, and in the right - paid Windows Server, which is objectively much easier to use due to the presence of an elaborate GUI. But this is not all of their features, and further on in the article we will tell you which operating system for VPS is better and why.
A series of Microsoft operating systems designed specifically to support servers. Bill Gates' company has been developing in this direction since 1993, so at the moment the line of server operating systems includes more than a dozen titles, but only a few are considered relevant.
The operating system codenamed "Longhorn Server" - as the name implies, it was released in 2008 to replace Windows Server 2003. Despite its respectable age is still in use on some servers. Everyone has his reasons, but most administrators choose it because of stability and reliability.
It is recommended to install it only to experienced administrators who know how to properly configure security, because since 2020, this operating system is no longer supported, and no updates it has long been receiving. On the one hand this leads to stability and fault tolerance, but on the other hand - some holes in security you need to know how to correctly fix. Generally speaking, thanks to the network access protection technology, the system allows you to isolate computers that do not meet the requirements of current security policies. Forcing compliance with security requirements is a powerful tool to protect your network.
The main advantages of Windows Server 2008 for VPS:
And the disadvantages:
Even the most inexpensive virtual dedicated server is suitable for deploying network infrastructure based on Windows Server, as the recommended system requirements are extremely low: even a 1 GHz single-core processor will do, and all services and applications consume no more than 1-2 GB of RAM, depending on the settings.
Still up-to-date OS, launched on September 4, 2012. Compared to its predecessor, it has received a number of improvements:
The arsenal of features of the printing subsystem has also been updated, so that the operating system was able to solve many corporate tasks of its time. This OS is optimally suited for managing multiple server machines, also thanks to the VDI technology, which allows remote access to the server.
From the security point of view there is also a number of improvements - in particular, Microsoft has for the first time added Dynamic Access Control service, which significantly improved centralized protection at the file domain level.
I'd like to highlight some shortcomings of Windows Server 2012 for virtual servers, but it's not so easy to do it, because Microsoft has created a quality product, which remains relevant even after 10 years. In the first years of existence, some administrators noted unstable operation of mail services and domain controller system, but with future updates, all these flaws have been fixed. The only thing you can blame Windows Server - all components are closely interconnected with each other, so it will be difficult to disable some unnecessary services. But this can be said about any version of the Windows operating system, including desktop versions.
This operating system was developed in parallel with Windows 10, so they have certain similarities and recognizable features in common, including the interface design. It is comfortable and looks very modern. Let's walk through the key features and benefits:
Basically, everything is the same, only better, bigger, and more modern. On the downside, there are difficulties with setting up PowerShell automation tools for virtual machines. Also, when using the Docker platform, you will have to make certain changes to the system, which is not always convenient.
This is the most common server operating system from Microsoft at the moment. In fact, it is a highly updated Windows Server 2016, it was originally even planned to be called the same, adding to the name the coding "R2", which means "second edition".
Against the background of the 2016 version is distinguished by a lot of innovations and improvements. Here are the main ones:
Also, the interface has been improved, it became even more convenient and easy to learn, so that now even novices can easily get used to working with the virtual server on Windows Server. No more digging through manuals and sleepless nights trying to debug broken scripts.
Microsoft operating system is mainly used in the corporate segment, when it is necessary to organize the server infrastructure to provide employees with remote access to workplaces. The advantages of this operating system compared to Linux:
But, of course, you have to pay for all the good stuff - and that is the main drawback of Windows Server. You have to pay even for older versions of the OS that came out decades ago.
To sum it all up, the Microsoft operating system for servers is suitable for company intranets and ensuring the operability of specialized software, MSSQL databases, ASP.NET tools, or other software created specifically for Windows. After all, it is a complete and complete in all senses of the OS, which will allow to deploy routing, raise DNS or any other service. On Windows Server you can install the software that is required to run all the popular website "engines" - Apache, MySQL and PHP.
The Linux-like family of systems includes many distributions, and among them the best known and most popular are the following:
As you can see, Linux operating systems for virtual servers are represented quite widely, because each of these distributions has dozens of versions, each of which has its own features and specifics of application.
So, let's go over the key points in order to compare these two families of server operating systems as concisely and objectively as possible:
From a financial point of view Linux will still be a bit more profitable than Windows, partly because you will not have to pay for additional components, while Microsoft is not shy about making money from its child in every possible way. And rightly so, but nevertheless: If you don't have any restrictions because of the technical specification or the specificity of the software, it is more profitable to use Linux. Especially when it comes to a simple task like hosting sites on Joomla, WordPress, Drupal. But if the project will be deployed on ASP or ASP.NET, it is only Windows Server, and no alternatives.
We hope our article will help you decide which operating system to choose for your VPS. If you have any questions, contact us at the phone numbers listed on the site or write to Livechat. Thank you for your attention!